Tetranitromethane (TNM) C[NO2]4, is a saturated nitro compound of methane, it is a nitroalkane.
Tetranitromethane is used in rocket propellant as an oxidizing agent in the production of liquid explosives and as an additive to increase the cetane number of diesel fuel. In organic compounds, it is also used as a reagent for detecting the presence of double bonds and as a mild nitrating reagent for reaction with tyrosine in proteins and peptides. It has been proposed as a surface disinfectant against viruses, based on data, suggesting that it is useful against enveloped and non-enveloped viruses, and many other microbial pathogens.
Tetranitromethane may be used as a component of liquid explosives with great urgency as the oxidant.
In organic synthetic chemistry it can be used as the nitrating agent, especially for basic reaction conditions. However, only a nitro group is used for the nitration, the resonance-stabilized Trinitromethidion (trinitromethane, trivial name Nitroform) no longer acts nitrating.
One important use in the chemical is based on the ability of the tetranitro methane display olefinic double bonds. As can be seen in the structural formula, the carbon atom is in an electron deficient center which forms with double bonds charge-transfer complex, which can be recognized by a strong yellow coloration. This fact is used in the analysis as an indicator of double bonds.
Reagent for nitration of enol silyl ethers and aromatic compounds. Employed in the photooxidation of sulfides to sulfoxides.
Tetranitromethane using cold of acetic anhydride under the influence of 100 percent nitric acid produced. By-products water, carbon dioxide and acetic acid formed. This synthesis requires very precise compliance with the reaction conditions and is not without danger.
Tetranitromethane may be prepared with isopropanol in high yield by reaction of anhydrous nitric acid.
tetan ; methane, tetranitro- ; methane,tetranitro- ; tetranitromethane0 ; nci-c55947 ; tnm ; rcrawastenumberp112 ; nsc 16146 ; tetranitromethane(r) ; tetranitro-methan ; tetranitromethane
1.637 g/mL at 25 Â°C(lit.)
pale yellow liquid
Confirmed carcinogen with carcinogenic and neoplastigenic data. Poison by ingestion, inhalation, intravenous, and intraperitoneal routes. Irritating to the skin, eyes, mucous membranes, and respiratory passages, and does serious damage to the liver. Mutation data reported. It occurs as an impurity in crude TNT, and is thought to be mainly responsible for the irritating properties of that material. It can cause pulmonary edema, mild methemoglobinemia, and fatty degeneration of the liver and kidneys.A powerful oxidizer. A very dangerous fire hazard. A severe explosion hazard when shocked or exposed to heat. May explode during distillation. Potentially explosive reaction with ferrocene, pyridine, sodium ethoxide. Mixtures with amines (e.g., aniline) ignite spontaneously and may explode. Mixtures with cotton or toluene may explode when ignited. Forms sensitive and powerful explosive mixtures with nitrobenzene, 1-nitrotoluene, 4-nitrotoluene, 1,3-dinitrobenzene, 1-nitronaphthalene, other oxygen-deficient explosives, hydrocarbons. Can react vigorously with oxidizing materials. Incompatible with aluminum. When heated to decomposition it emits highly toxic fumes of NOx. Used as an oxidizer in rocket propellants and as an explosive. See also NITRATES; EXPLOSIVES, HIGH.
Dangerous fire and explosion risk. Toxic by ingestion, inhalation, skin absorption. TLV: 0.005 ppm; animal carcinogen.
Europe standard Hazard pictograms, code and definition
Hazardous Substances Data:
Non-Regulated Material ¹
WGK Germany :
RID / ADR :
UN 1510 5.1 / PG 1
Storage temperature :
Global Tetranitromethane Suppliers : P.R.China (2)
Former or previous provider
The following companies had been manufactured successfully in the past or were listed as an excellent supplier in our directory.
Hangzhou JingHang Biotechnology Co., Ltd. ( Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province P.R.China ) | SelectLab Chemicals GmbH ( 59199 BÃ¶nen Germany )
Company Name : Price / Unit [Date]
SIGMA-ALDRICH Corporation : 51,20 EUR / 1,5g in glass bottle [2016-01-08]
Thomas Scientific : 85,65 U$ / 1,5g in glass bottle [2016-01-18]
Aurora Fine Chemicals LLC : 1290,00 U$ / 25g [2016-01-23]
These are net price. Packaging and freight costs will be added.